There are various kinds of laser used in the gynecological area,depending on the tissue or zone to be treated and the side effects. We have CO₂ laser, Erbium laser and Diode laser, which act on specific tissues.

How can laser be used on tissues?

CO₂ laser can be used as a scalpel through a handle or arm, and can also be combined with a microscope to locate injured tissues. There are, basically, three ways to use laser on gynecological surgery:

  • Vaporize (eliminate)
  • Cut (in a scalpel manner)
  • Clot (eliminate vessel bleeding)

CO₂ laser can be used for all those methods, which can be achieved by adjusting the radiation power and width according to the doctor’s needs.

Advantages of CO₂ laser in Gynecology:

  • Microsurgical accuracy
  • Possibility of eliminating the whole sick tissue in the required depth and amplitude.
  • Possibility of reaching places other methods cannot
  • Free surgical field for observation
  • Minimum effect on the adjacent tissue, which favors quick healing
  • Low complication rates
  • Low relapse percentage
  • Hemostasis in most cases

CO₂ Laser Applications in the Cervix

Benign Lesions
  • Cervicitis
  • HPV
  • Cysts
  • Polyps
  • Endometriosis
  • Leukoplakias
  • Stenosis
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN-III)
  • Non-visible squamocolumnar junction
  • Carcinoma in situ
  • Positive endocervical curettage
Premalignant Lesions
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN-I)
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN-II)

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Complete Treatments and Their Evolution

Laser photovaporization

Lesions and Treatment in Cervix and Vagina

Laser treatment for cervix and vagina

HPV infection in cervix and vulva

Mini cone treatment in cervix and photovaporization in vulva

HPV Lesions in penis and scrotum

HPV lesions in penis

CO₂ laser treatment on lesions in penis

Condyloma and treatment in scrotum

HPV lesions

Advantages of Cervix Laser Vaporization

  • Slight disturbances
  • No need for analgesics or anesthesia
  • Low complication rates or post-treatment sequels
  • Quick healing with new squamocolumnar junction visible to the colposcope
  • No effect on fertility or cervix sufficiency
  • Low relapse rate
  • Early identification of any persistent sickness
  • Possibility of new treatment when required

Can laser be used for upper genital tract pathologies?

Laser is a very useful tool in case of having releases in pelvic adherence, endometriosis, myoma resection, ovary cysts, etc.

Requirements before Cervix Laser Surgery

  • Complete physical history
  • General physical examination
  • Complete gynecologic examination
  • Cytology or Smear test
  • Colposcopy
  • Biopsy

Erbium Laser

It can be used to treat HPV lesions with the remote vaporization technique and, of course, with vaginal lifting.

Diode Laser

With its precise dissection technique, it allows dissections without carbonizing tissue, which allows a quick recovery without any swelling or post-surgery pain. It is excellent for labia reduction or labioplastia.